Pillars in the Cultivation of the Children Written by: Shaikh Abdurrazzaq Ibn Abdul Muhsin al-‘Abbad al-Badr

pillars-of-cultivation

Pillars in the Cultivation of the Children Written by:

Shaikh Abdurrazzaq Ibn Abdul Muhsin al-‘Abbad al-Badr

Translated by:

Majid Jawed Al-Afghanee

الحمد لله رب العالمین و الصلاة و السلام على عبد الله و رسوله و خلیله نبینا محمد و على اله و أصحابه أجمعین أما بعد

Indeed from the most important of the great obligations and great trusts, which are obligatory upon the slave, [and] that, he pay concern to in this life, is his children. [This is] in regards to their cultivation, discipline, advising and guiding them. Indeed the children are from the many great trusts, which Allah has commanded with its observance and preservation. Allah says while mentioning the characteristics of the believers:

 

وَالَّذِینَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ

 

“Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat (all the duties which Allah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.) and to their covenants.”

(Surah Al Mu’minoon Verse. 8)

And Allah says:

یَا أَیُّهَا الَّذِینَ آَمَنُوا لَا تَخُونُوا اللهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

“O you who believe! Betray not Allah and His Messenger, nor betray knowingly your Amanat (things entrusted to you annd all the duties which Allah has ordained for you).” (Surah Al Anfaal Verse. 27)

As Allah is the one whom has bestowed this great bounty upon the parents,

He says:

لِلّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ یَخْلُقُ مَا یَشَاء یَهَبُ لِمَنْ یَشَاء إِنَاثًا وَیَهَبُ لِمَن یَشَاء الذُّكُورَ

“To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills.”

(Surah Ash Shuraa Verse. 49)

Then indeed he has bestowed them upon him and obligated for them rights and obligations; he has made it a test for the fathers: if they establish it towards the children as Allah has commanded, then they will have with Allah a great reward. If they are negligent in regards to it, they expose themselves to a punishment in accordance to their negligence.

Allah Ta’ala said:

یَاأَیُّهَا الَّذِینَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِیكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَیْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ

“O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe.”

(Surah At Tahreem Verse. 6)

The Verse is a great foundation in regards to the obligation of paying attention and concern to the children, their cultivation, and paying concern for their condition.

The rightly guided Khalifah ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib – may Allah be pleased with him – said in clarifying this Verse:

علموهم و ادبوهم

“Teach them and discipline them.”

The emphasis of this command on the fathers and a clarification of its obligation has been authenticated from the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) in his statement:

كُلُّكُمْ رَاعٍ وَكُلُّكُمْ مَسْئُولٌ، فَالإِمَامُ رَاعٍ وَهْوَ مَسْئُولٌ وَالرَّجُلُ رَاعٍ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَهْوَ مَسْئُولٌ وَالْمَرْأَةُ رَاعِیَةٌ عَلَى

بَیْتِ زَوْجِهَا وَهْىَ مَسْئُولَةٌ، وَالْعَبْدُ رَاعٍ عَلَى مَالِ سَیِّدِهِ وَهُوَ مَسْئُولٌ، أَلاَ فَكُلُّكُمْ رَاعٍ وَكُلُّكُمْ مَسْئُولٌ

Every one of you is a guardian and every one of you is responsible (for his wards). A ruler is a guardian and is responsible (for his subjects); a man is a guardian of his family and responsible (for them); a wife is a guardian of her husband’s house and she is responsible (for it), a slave is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible (for that). Beware! All of you are guardians and are responsible (for your wards).

(Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

His statement “Responsible” is a reminder of the questioning of Allah of his slave regarding this trust when he stands in front of him on the Day of Judgement. Rather, some of the People of knowledge have said: “Indeed Allah will ask the father in regards to his child on the Day of Judgement before he asks the child regarding his father, the same way the father has rights upon his child then the child also has rights upon his father.”

Ibn Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – said:

أَدِّبِ ابْنَكَ ، فَإِنَّكَ مَسْئُولٌ عَنْ وَلَدِكَ ، مَاذَا أَدَّبْتَهُ ؟ وَمَاذَا عَلَّمْتَهُ ، وَإِنَّهُ مَسْئُولٌ عَنْ بِرِّكَ وَطَوَاعِیَتِهِ لَكَ

“Discipline your child, for indeed you will be asked regarding your child: what discipline did you give him? What did you teach him? And he will be asked regarding his righteousness and obedience towards you.”

The same way [that] Allah has enjoined upon the children obedience to their fathers and the obligation of being good towards them with his statement:

وَوَصَّیْنَا الإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَیْهِ إِحْسَانًا

“And we have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents.”

(Surah Al Ahqaaf Verse. 15)

Then, he has also enjoined upon the fathers regarding their children in regards to their cultivation and discipline.

As Allah Ta’ala said:

یُوصِیكُمُ اللهُّ فِي أَوْلاَدِكُمْ

“Allah commands you as regards your children’s (inheritance).”

(Surah An Nisaa Verse. 11)

Our noble Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) has informed us that the parents have a profound effect upon their children in regards to their beliefs and Religion, let alone their manners and nature.

He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ یُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ، فَأَبَوَاهُ یُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ یُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ یُمَجِّسَانِهِ، كَمَثَلِ الْبَهِیمَةِ تُنْتَجُ الْبَهِیمَةَ، هَلْ تَرَى

فِیهَا جَدْعَاءَ

“Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) and his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity or Magianism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?”

(Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

This is a profound similitude that is perceived (i.e., witnessed), for indeed an animal customarily delivers animals free from defects and illnesses, from that which is witnessed, [and] it isn’t mutilated, or cut in its head, ear or foot. That only occurs from its owner or one taking care of it either by being negligent towards it or by his direct action. Similarly, the child is born upon a natural disposition; if he learns lying, cheating, corruption, deviance, or other than it from the evils, then it is due to an external matter other than the natural disposition. It could either be due to a bad cultivation, and negligence in it, or by an external effect such as evil companions or other than them from those whom are mixed with. Due to the importance of this trust and its greatness, I will mention here the most important pillars and   foundations which is binding upon every father – that he pays concern to it [and] makes this noble and great intent a reality.

Choosing a Righteous Spouse

 

Indeed, from the first pillars in regards to cultivation is choosing a righteous spouse; this is before you are blessed with children. Thus it’s upon you to strive in choosing a righteous spouse known [to be] upon righteousness and piety, because she will be an aid for you upon their cultivation, discipline, and raising them with a righteous cultivation. Even if she doesn’t aid (you) in regards to the cultivation of the children, she won’t be harmful upon them in regards to their Religion and manners.

For this reason, it has come from our noble Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) an encouragement upon choosing a righteous spouse who is religious. He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

تنكح المرأة لأربع : لمالها، ولحسبها، ولجمالها، ولدینها، فاظفر بذات الدین تربت یداك

“A woman is married for four things: her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman (otherwise) you will be a loser.” (Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

Invocation

 

From the greatest of these pillars is invocation for the children; the invocation can be before they are born or after. Thus the parents [should] invoke Allah that He blesses them with righteous offspring, and they [should] invoke Allah for guidance for their children, [to be] upon righteousness and firmness upon the Religion after Allah blesses them with children.

Following in that is the example of the Prophets ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) , as Allah informed us of His intimate friend Ibrahim, that he ( علیه السلام ) said:

رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنَ الصَّالِحِینَ

“My Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.”

(Surah As Saaffaat Verse. 100)

He ( علیه السلام ) also said:

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِیمَ الصَّلَاةِ وَمِن ذُرِّیَّتِي

“O my Lord! Make me one who performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and (also) from my offspring.”

(Surah Ibraaheem Verse. 40)

Similarly Zakariyah ( : (علیه السلام

هُنَالِكَ دَعَا زَكَرِیَّا رَبَّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِن لَّدُنكَ ذُرِّیَّةً طَیِّبَةً إِنَّكَ سَمِیعُ الدُّعَاءِ

“At that time Zakariya (Zachariya) invoked his Lord, saying: “O my Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation.”

(Surah Ali Imraan Verse. 38)

And from the supplication of the slaves of the Most Merciful whom the Lord of the

Creation praised, is their statement:

رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّیَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْیُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِینَ إِمَامًا

“Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqun.”

(Surah Al Furqaan Verse.74)

From the bounties of Allah and His generosity is that Allah has made the invocation of the parent for his children answered and not rejected, as it has been affirmed from the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) that he said:

ثَلاَثُ دَعَوَاتٍ مُسْتَجَابَاتٌ لاَ شَكَّ فِیهِنَّ دَعْوَةُ الْوَالِدِ وَدَعْوَةُ الْمُسَافِرِ وَدَعْوَةُ الْمَظْلُومِ

Three invocations are answered, there being no doubt about them: that of a father, that of a traveller, and that of one who has been wronged.”

(Reported by Abu Dawood and At Tirmithi and Authenticated by Imam Al Albani in As Saheehah 597)

From that which is befitting to be brought to attention in this context is that it’s upon the parents that they stay away from invoking upon their children with evil, especially in a situation of anger. They shouldn’t be hasty with invocation upon their child, thus their invocation may be answered and then they will regret after that severely. Indeed, our noble Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) warned us from that. He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

لا تدعوا على أنفسكم، ولا تدعوا على أولادكم، ولا تدعو على أموالكم، لا توافقوا من الله ساعة یسأل فیها

عطاء، فیستجیب لكم

“Do not invoke curses on yourself, or on your children, or on your possessions, lest

you should happen to do it at a moment when the supplications are accepted, and your prayer might be granted.” (Saheeh Muslim)

Allah Ta’ala says:

وَیَدْعُ الْإِنسَانُ بِالشَّرِّ دُعَاءَهُ بِالْخَیْرِ وَكَانَ الْإِنسَانُ عَجُولًا

“And man invokes (Allah) for evil as he invokes (Allah) for good and man is ever hasty.”

(Surah Al Israa Verse.11)

Qatadah – may Allah have mercy upon him – said:

“He invokes (curse) on his wealth [and] thus he curses his wealth and child; if Allah

were to answer his invocation it will destroy him.”

Al-Allaamah Abdurrahman As-Sa’dee – may Allah have mercy upon him – said:

“This is from the ignorance of a person – him being hasty. Whereas he invokes upon himself, children, or wealth with evil whilst he is angry. He is hasty to that invocation like he is hasty with invoking (Allah) in good.”

Choosing Good Names

 

From the matters which aid in the cultivation of the children – a righteous cultivation – is that the parents choose good names for their children which connect them to the obedience of Allah, such as if you gave him (the name) Abdullah, Abdurrahman, Muhammad, Saalih, and similar to these good names which remind him of his connection with righteousness, worship, and with that which he will be praised upon. Thus in that is an affect upon him most of the time, and as it is said: every man has a share from his name.

It has been authentically reported from the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) [that he said]:

إِنَّ أَحَبَّ أَسْمَائِكُمْ إِلَى اللهِّ عَبْدُ اللهِّ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ

“Indeed the most beloved of your names to Allah is Abdullah and Abdurrahman.”

(Saheeh Muslim)

From that which is befitting is that the father clarifies to his child the meaning of his name and [also] that this name is beloved to Allah.

For example, if his name is Abdullah, you say to him: “You are a slave of Allah; He created you and brought you to into existence, and bestowed upon you these many bounties and that which is necessary from you is that you are grateful and obedient to him”, and similar to this speech. Justice From the great pillars in cultivating the children is [employing] justice between them [and] being distant from injustice and oppression. If the father is not just between his children, he will cause enmity, jealousy, and hatred between them, but if he was eager upon justice between them then that would have been from the greatest means of them loving him and being obedient to him.

It has come in Saheeh Al Bukhari from An Nu’man ibn Basheer – may Allah be pleased with him – [that he] said:

أَعْطَانِي أَبِي عَطِیَّةً، فَقَالَتْ عَمْرَةُ بِنْتُ رَوَاحَةَ لاَ أَرْضَى حَتَّى تُشْهِدَ رَسُولَ اللهَِّ صلى الله علیه وسل م . فَأَتَى

رَسُولَ اللهَِّ صلى الله علیه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَعْطَیْتُ ابْنِي مِنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ رَوَاحَةَ عَطِیَّةً، فَأَمَرَتْنِي أَنْ أُشْهِدَكَ یَا

رَسُولَ ا لله . قَالَ ” أَعْطَیْتَ سَائِرَ وَلَدِكَ مِثْلَ هَذَا ” . قَالَ لا . قَالَ ” فَاتَّقُوا اللهََّ، وَاعْدِلُوا بَیْنَ أَوْلاَدِكُمْ ” .

“My father gave me a gift but `Amra bint Rawaha (my mother) said that she would not agree to it unless he made Allah’s Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) as a witness to it. So, my father went to Allah’s Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said, ‘I have given a gift to my son from `Amra bint Rawaha, but she ordered me to make you as a witness to it, O Allah’s Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم)!’ Allah’s Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) asked, ‘Have you given (the like of it) to everyone of your sons?’ He replied in the negative. Allah’s Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, ‘Be afraid of Allah,

and be just to your children.’ “ (Saheeh Al Bukhari)

In a different report he ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

لاَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى جَوْرٍ

“I will not become a witness for injustice.”

(Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

In another report with Muslim he ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to him:

أَیَسُرُّكَ أَنْ یَكُونُوا إِلَیْكَ فِي الْبِرِّ سَوَاءً ” . قَالَ بَلَى . قَالَ ” فَلاَ إِذًا

“Would it, please you that they (your children) should all behave obediently towards you?” He said: “Yes.” He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Then don’t do that (i.e. don’t give a gift to one to the exclusion of others).”

Thus, this is a warning from injustice and oppression between the children and a clarification of that which it causes and leads to of disobedience, cutting ties, and boycotting between the brothers. Kindness and Mercy From the pillars of cultivating the children [is] kindness and being compassionate towards them [and] dealing with them with mercy and goodness, [while] being warned and distant from harshness, strictness and roughness, for indeed:

الرفق لا یكون في شئ إلا زانه، ولا ینزع من شئ إلا شانه

“Whenever forbearance/gentleness is added to something, it adorns it, and whenever it is withdrawn from something, it leaves it defective.”

(Saheeh Muslim)

This mercy and kindness is obligatory; it begins with the children from a young age and continues with them, for it is a means of the children getting closer to their

parents and loving them. Along with the presence of this closeness and love, then directing the children to good will be made easier and advising them as well, and them answering to that advice and accepting it [will be made easier also].

Many texts have come from the Sunnah of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) in regards to the clarification of this pillar, for it has come from Abu Huraira – may Allah be pleased with him:

قبل النبي الحسن بن علي رضي الله عنهما، وعنده الأقرع بن حابس، فقال الأقر ع : إن لي عشرة من الولد

ما قبلت منهم أحدً ا . فنظر إلیه رسول الله صلى الله علیه وسلم فقا ل : “من لا یرحم لا یرحم

The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) kissed his grandson Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – in the presence of Al-Aqra’ bin Habis. Thereupon he remarked: “I have ten children and I have never kissed any one of them.” Messenger of Allah ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) looked at him and said: “He who does not show mercy to others will not be shown mercy.”

(Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

And from the mother of the believers, Aisha – may Allah be pleased with her:

جَاءَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله علیه وسلم فَقَالَ تُقَبِّلُونَ الصِّبْیَانَ فَمَا نُقَبِّلُهُ م . فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله علیه

وسلم أَوَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ أَنْ نَزَعَ اللهَُّ مِنْ قَلْبِكَ الرَّحْمَةَ “

A bedouin came to the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said: “You (people) kiss the boys! We don’t kiss them.” The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “I cannot put mercy in your heart after Allah has taken it away from it.”

(Saheeh Muslim)

Advising and Guiding

Also from the great pillars in the cultivation of the children is the continuous

preservation upon advising and directing [them], especially to those high [and] noble matters and honourable manners, starting with teaching them the religious beliefs, obligations of Islaam and its pillars, and the rest of the legislated matters. Whilst also rebuking and warning, he begins with (warning) from the Major Sins and mistakes and the rest of the prohibitions prohibited by the Legislation.

It is obligatory that these matters have a great share of [this] directing and advising;

after that, the father and mother [should] turn to other than it from the matters which will correct the condition of their children in this worldly life from food, clothing, and other than it. From the beneficial, upright, [and] profound advices is that which Allah mentioned in His Book from Luqman, the wise; he admonished his son in Surah Luqman where he began advising him with Tawheed (Monotheism), then secondly with commanding the obedience of the parents, after that he brought his attention upon [the fact] that Allah surrounds (i.e., comprehends with His knowledge) all things of His creation. In that is an indication towards the necessity of being mindful of Allah in all of his actions. Then, he encouraged him upon establishing the prayer, which is the greatest of the bodily

acts, and he ended his advice with bringing his attention to a number of exalted manners and high, noble matters.

Allah Ta’ala says:

وَإِذْ قَالَ لُقْمَانُ لِابْنِهِ وَهُوَ یَعِظُهُ یَا بُنَيَّ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِاللهَِّ إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِیمٌ ( 13 ) وَوَصَّیْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَیْهِ

حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْنًا عَلَىٰ وَهْنٍ وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَیْنِ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَیْكَ إِلَيَّ الْمَصِیرُ ( 14 ) وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ

أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَیْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْیَا مَعْرُوفًا وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِیلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ

مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ( 15 ) یَا بُنَيَّ إِنَّهَا إِن تَكُ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ فَتَكُن فِي صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِي

السَّمَاوَاتِ أَوْ فِي الْأَرْضِ یَأْتِ بِهَا اللهَُّ إِنَّ اللهََّ لَطِیفٌ خَبِیرٌ ( 16 ) یَا بُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ

الْمُنكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا أَصَابَكَ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ ( 17 ) وَلَا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ

مَرَحًا إِنَّ اللهََّ لَا یُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ ( 18 ) وَاقْصِدْ فِي مَشْیِكَ وَاغْضُضْ مِن صَوْتِكَ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ الْأَصْوَاتِ

( لَصَوْتُ الْحَمِیرِ ( 19

“And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him: ‘O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed.” And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, unto Me is the final destination. But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do. “O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily, Allah is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), Well-Aware (of its place). O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma’ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption. And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster. And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the donkey.”

(Surah Al Luqman Verse. 13-19)

Indeed, the Prophets and pious have tread this path, as [it has] preceded in the

previous advice, and Allah mentions from His Prophet Ibraheem and Yaqoob

:(علیهما السلام)

وَوَصَّىٰ بِهَا إِبْرَاهِیمُ بَنِیهِ وَیَعْقُوبُ یَا بَنِيَّ إِنَّ اللهََّ اصْطَفَىٰ لَكُمُ الدِّینَ فَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ ( 132 ) أَمْ

كُنتُمْ شُهَدَاءَ إِذْ حَضَرَ یَعْقُوبَ الْمَوْتُ إِذْ قَالَ لِبَنِیهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن بَعْدِي قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ إِلَٰهَكَ وَإِلَٰهَ آبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِیمَ

( وَإِسْمَاعِیلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًا وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ ( 133

“And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim (Abraham) upon his

sons and by Ya’qub (Jacob), (saying), “O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true)

Religion, then die not except in the Faith of Islam (as Muslims – Islamic Monotheism).” Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya’qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We shall worship your Ilah (God – Allah), the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam).”

(Surah Al Baqarah Verse. 132-133)

The Lord of the Creation praised His Prophet Isma’il ( علیه السلام ) due to the fact that he would command his family with observing the prayer and Alms. Allah Ta’ala says:

وَكَانَ یَأْمُرُ أَهْلَهُ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ

“And he used to enjoin on his family and his people As-Salat (the prayers) and the

Zakat.”

(Surah Maryam Verse. 55)

Allah commanded his Prophet Muhammad ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) that he be preserving upon performing the obligatory prayers, and that he command his family with it, and that he encourages them upon performing it, as Allah says:

وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَیْهَا

“And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)].”

(Surah Taha Verse. 132)

[That which] also enters in the guidance of the Prophets and their advice is that the

father prevents his children from anything that will corrupt their manners and

religion, such as listening to music, the harmful channels, and prohibited devices.

Similarly he should be warned from taking his children out to the places of prohibited amusement. Good Companionship Indeed, monitoring the children from the angle of whom they accompany is from the greatest of the pillars which are obligatory to observe in cultivation, for indeed the companion is one who pulls; there is no doubt that he will have an effect on the one whom he accompanies.

Indeed, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) put forth for us a parable clarifying the effect of the companion on his companion in good and evil. He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

إنما مثل الجلیس الصالح وجلیس السوء، كحامل المسك، ونافخ الكیر، فحامل المسك، إما أن یحذیك، وإما

أن تبتاع منه، وإما أن تجد منه ریحًا طیبة، ونافخ الكیر، إما أن یحرق ثیابك ، وإما أن تجد منه ریحًا منتنة

The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one blowing the bellows. The owner of musk would either offer you some free of charge, or you would buy it from him, or you smell its pleasant fragrance; and as for the one who blows the bellows (i.e., the blacksmith), he either burns your clothes or you smell a repugnant smell.”

(Saheeh Al Bukhari and Muslim)

And he ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

الرَّجُلُ عَلَى دِینِ خَلِیلِهِ فَلْیَنْظُرْ أَحَدُكُمْ مَنْ یُخَالِلُ

“A man is upon the religion of his friend, so each one should consider whom he makes his friend.”

(Reported By Abu Dawood and Authenticated by Imam Al Albani in As Saheehah 927)

Thus, it is upon the fathers to follow and monitor their children in regards to whom they accompany and sit with in the schools and other than it and examine them in regards to that. Indeed, a type of companion has emerged and appeared in this time which was not present in the past; it is not lesser in its effect upon its companion than that which preceded it (from bad companions). It is the satellite channels, internet websites, and the means of social media by way of the carried devices and similar to it, which the children carry in their hands wherever they may be. In their houses and whilst exiting, these devices, if they are not under the supervision of the fathers, then its danger is great upon the intellects, religion, manners, and behaviour. How many have become misguided and deceived from the male and female youth due to it. The matter led them to great evils and great afflictions; none know its extent except Allah Ta’ala. Being a Good Example

From the great pillars is that the father be a good example for his children: if he

commands them with good, he strives to be the one who rushes to that good, and if he prohibits them from evil then he is the most distant from it. His statements shouldn’t be in one valley whilst his actions are in another. Due to that, a great contradiction will arise with the children which will lead to the children leaving the guidance and discipline from the fathers. We should remember the statement of Allah in his rebuking of the children of Israeel:

أَتَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبِرِّ وَتَنسَوْنَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَتْلُونَ الْكِتَابَ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

“Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allah) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)]! Have you then no sense?”

(Surah Al Baqarah Verse. 44)

[Also remember] the statement of the Prophet of Allah Shu’ayb ( علیه السلام ) to his

people:

وَمَا أُرِیدُ أَنْ أُخَالِفَكُمْ إِلَىٰ مَا أَنْهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ

“I wish not, in contradiction to you, to do that which I forbid you.”

(Surah Hud Verse. 88)

Allah Ta’ala also says:

یَا أَیُّهَا الَّذِینَ آمَنُوا لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ ( 2) كَبُرَ مَقْتًا عِندَ اللهَِّ أَن تَقُولُوا مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ

“O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.”

(Surah As-Saff Verse. 2-3)

The scholars have mentioned that leading by example with one’s actions is deeper and more effective than leading by example with one’s statements.

This is a short summary from the pillars which aid in regards to cultivating the

children and [in] disciplining and refining them. The Muslim should know that by his

paying concern to these pillars and applying them, he will be from the first ones to

attain the fruits of this cultivation in his life and after his death.

As for in his life, his child will be righteous and obedient to him, preserving upon his

rights, and staying away from disobeying him, because Islam – which he was nurtured upon – commands him with that and encourages him upon it.

As for after his death, then he (i.e., the child) will strive in invoking Allah for him. The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلا ث : صدقة جاریة، أو علم ینتفع به، أو ولد صالح یدعو له

“When a man dies, his deeds come to an end, except for three: a continuous charity, knowledge by which people derive benefit, or a pious son who prays for him.” (Saheeh Muslim)

Along with all of this, it is obligatory to pay attention to [the fact] that this matter – cultivation of the children – is a great matter. It is obligatory upon every father that he pay it a great concern, for indeed majority of the corruption of the children is due to the negligence of the fathers.

Al-Allaamah Ibnul Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) said:

“Whoever neglects teaching his child that which benefits him and leaves him to his

own, he has severely wronged him. Most of the children become corrupt by way of

their fathers and them neglecting them and leaving off teaching them the obligations

of the Religion and its Sunnahs.”

There is also an important matter which is befitting upon the father to remember, and it is that along with his care with these means and great pillars in the cultivation of his children, it is upon him that he returns his matter to Allah and puts his trust in him alone. He shouldn’t connect his heart to these means [but] rather he should return his matter to Allah and put his trust in Him alone in regards to the correctness of his children and their protection with that which He protects with His righteous slaves.

Shaykh Al -’Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy upon him) said:

“I don’t think that anyone feared Allah in regards to his children and took the

legislative means in guiding them, except that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala guided his

children.”

أسأل الله أن یعیننا أجمعین على تربیة أولادنا و توجیههم الوجهة الصحیحة و أن یصلحهم و یعیذهم من

الفتن ما ظهر منها و ما بطن و أن یجعلهم هداة مهتدین غیر الضالین و لا مضلین إنه سمیع مجیب

و صلى الله على نبینا محمد و على اله و صحبه و سلم

 

pillars-of-cultivation

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MORE ACME GLOBAL ACADEMY links:

To watch School events’ videos please click the below link

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/30/videos/

For Project Presentation First Semester 2016-17 Images click the link below

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/20/project-presentation-2016-17/

CREATIVE DRESSING 2016-17 IMAGES click the link below

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/13/creative-dressing-2016-17-images/

Kids Learning and Enjoying Montessori Session IMAGES click the link below

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/11/kids-learning-and-enjoying-montessori-session/

How To Teach Your Child Salah (Namaz/Prayer) and Make It Stick.

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/09/how-to-teach-your-child-salah-namazprayer-and-make-it-stick/

5 Ways To Help Students Improve Reading Skills

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/10/07/5-ways-to-help-students-improve-reading-skills/

The wheels on the bus *No music

https://acmeglobalacademy.wordpress.com/2016/08/17/the-wheels-on-the-bus-no-music/

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